BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the prevalence of antibodies against angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1RAb) in hypertensive adults and elucidate the relation of antihypertensive medication type to blood pressure (BP) among persons with and without AT1RAb. METHODS: Sera from participants in the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study with hypertension were tested for AT1RAb using a commercial Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (One Lambda; positive ≥17 units/ml). BP measurements, uncontrolled BP (systolic BP ≥140 and/or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg), and effect of BP medication type were compared for AT1RAb positive (+) vs. negative (−) participants using descriptive statistics and multivariable regression. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-two (13.1%) participants were AT1RAb+. Compared with AT1RAb−, AT1RAb+ persons were more likely to be white (47% vs. 36.7%; P = 0.03) but had similar comorbid disease burden. In models adjusting for age, sex, and race, AT1RAb+ persons had higher diastolic BP (β = 2.61 mm Hg; SE = 1.03; P = 0.01) compared with AT1RAb− participants. Rates of uncontrolled BP were similar between the groups. AT1RAb+ persons on an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB; n = 21) had a mean of 10.5 mm Hg higher systolic BP (SE = 4.56; P = 0.02) compared with AT1RAb+ persons using other BP medications. The odds of uncontrolled BP among AT1RAb+ participants on an ARB was 2.05 times that of those on other medications. AT1RAb− persons prescribed an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) had 1.8 mm Hg lower diastolic BP (SE = 0.81; P = 0.03) than AT1RAb− persons not prescribed an ACEi. CONCLUSIONS: AT1RAb was prevalent among hypertensive adults and was associated with higher BP among persons on an ARB.
- Angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibody
- Blood pressure
- Health disparities
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine