Prenatal diagnosis of X-linked hydrocephalus in a Chinese family with four successive affected pregnancies

T. M. Ko, H. L. Hwa, L. H. Tseng, F. J. Hsieh, S. F. Huang, T. Y. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We report on a woman with four successive pregnancies affected with X-linked hydrocephalus (XLH). The first child had prenatal craniocentesis and died in utero. The second child had a postnatal shunting operation, but suffers from severe growth and mental retardation at 5 years of age. In the third pregnancy, prenatal ultraound detected hydrocephalus at the 16th and 20th weeks of gestation and the pregnancy was terminated. In the fourth prenancy, ultrasound scanning at the 17th and 20th weeks of gestational revealed no remarkable findings, but hydrocephalus was detected at the 24th week. Autopsy confirmed the prenatal diagnosis. DNA polymorphism analysis of the BclI site of exons 17-18 of factor VIII gene of the women and her last two fetuses seemed to be compatible with a linkage between the XLH locus and factor VIII gene. Although XLH has a variable presentation of ventriculomegaly, ultrasound scanning is still a useful tool for prenatal diagnosis at present. Earlier and more accurate prenatal diagnosis will be feasible with molecular analysis of the XLH locus or its flanking regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-60
Number of pages4
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • Prenatal diagnosis
  • Ultrasound
  • X-linked hydrocephalus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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