Predictive validity of cocaine, sedative, and alcohol dependence diagnoses

Michael Kidorf, Robert K. Brooner, L. Van King, Kenneth B. Stoller, Jennifer Wertz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


This study examined the predictive validity of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (Spitzer, Williams, Gibbon, and First, 1990) based substance dependence diagnoses (i.e., cocaine, sedative, and alcohol) for 518 opioid-dependent outpatients entering methadone maintenance. Patients were followed over I year of treatment, which involved daily methadone substitution supplemented by individual and group counseling. Urine specimens were tested randomly 1-4 times per month. Patients diagnosed with current cocaine, sedative, or alcohol dependence were more likely to use these drugs than were patients with past only or no dependence syndrome. Current cocaine dependence predicted early treatment dropout. The results demonstrate the predictive and discriminant validity of several substance dependence diagnoses common among patients in substance abuse or other psychiatric treatment settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-173
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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