Predictive Factors for Outcomes of Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty

Matthew Hirabayashi, Vikram Ponnusamy, Jella An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We sought to determine predictive factors for selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) outcome. 252 eyes from 198 adult patients with open-angle glaucoma who underwent SLT between July 2016 and February 2018 with a minimum 6 month follow up were reviewed. We defined success as ≥20% IOP reduction or ≥1 medication reduction without an IOP lowering procedure. We also evaluated the relationship of these factors to postoperative IOP elevation >5 mmHg (IOP spikes). Our primary outcome measure was association between age, type and severity of glaucoma, pigmentation of the trabecular meshwork (PTM), total energy delivered, and baseline intraocular pressure (IOP) with success. At 2 and 6 months, 33.6% (76/226) and 38.5% (97/252) of eyes met success criteria respectively. Baseline IOP > 18 mmHg was significantly associated with success both at 2 and 6 months, reducing IOP by 5.4 ± 5.3 mmHg (23.7% reduction), whereas those with lower baseline remained at −0.7 ± 4.6 mmHg (4.9% increase) at 6 months (P < 0.001). No other baseline characteristics significantly predicted success or IOP spikes. Patients with higher baseline IOPs had greater success rates and mean IOP reduction at both 2 and 6 months following SLT. Age, type and severity of glaucoma, PTM, or total energy delivery had no association with procedural success or IOP spikes. Patients with higher baseline IOP may experience greater lowering of IOP after SLT. However, SLT may be equally successful for patients with a variety of other characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9428
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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