Predicting immune status in women from PTSD and childhood and adult violence

Stephanie J. Woods, N. Margaret Wineman, Gayle G. Page, Rosalie J. Hall, Thomas S. Alexander, Jacquelyn C. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


This study uses a predictive exploratory design to test the relationships between and among childhood maltreatment, intimate partner violence (IPV), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and immune status in abused women. A convenience sample of 126 abused women and 12 nonabused women matched for age and race/ethnicity were recruited. The woman's current smoking habit, history of childhood maltreatment, experience of IPV, and PTSD symptoms predicted immune status. This prediction occurs through both direct and indirect pathways from IPV to immune status and from IPV to immune status through PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-319
Number of pages14
JournalAdvances in Nursing Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Childhood maltreatment
  • Immune status
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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