Predicting diabetes risk among HIV-positive and HIV-negative women

Karla I. Galaviz, Michael F. Schneider, Phyllis C. Tien, C. Christina Mehta, Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Jonathan Colasanti, Vincent C. Marconi, Kartika Palar, Gina Wingood, Adaora A. Adimora, Maria Alcaide, Mardge H. Cohen, Deborah Gustafson, Roksana Karim, Deborah Konkle-Parker, Daniel Merenstein, Anjali Sharma, Mohammed K. Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective:To assess the performance of an adapted American Diabetes Association (ADA) risk score and the concise Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINRISC) for predicting type 2 diabetes development in women with and at risk of HIV infection.Design:Longitudinal analysis of the Women's Interagency HIV Study.Methods:The women's Interagency HIV Study is an ongoing prospective cohort study of women with and at risk for HIV infection. Women without prevalent diabetes and 3-year data on fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, self-reported diabetes medication use, and self-reported diabetes were included. ADA and FINRISC scores were computed at baseline and their ability to predict diabetes development within 3 years was assessed [sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristics (AUROC) curve].Results:A total of 1111 HIV-positive (median age 41, 60% African American) and 454 HIV-negative women (median age 38, 63% African-American) were included. ADA sensitivity did not differ between HIV-positive (77%) and HIV-negative women (81%), while specificity was better in HIV-negative women (42 vs. 49%, P = 0.006). Overall ADA discrimination was suboptimal in both HIV-positive [AUROC = 0.64 (95% CI: 0.58, 0.70)] and HIV-negative women [AUROC = 0.67 (95% CI: 0.57, 0.77)]. FINRISC sensitivity and specificity did not differ between HIV-positive (72 and 49%, respectively) and HIV-negative women (86 and 52%, respectively). Overall FINRISC discrimination was suboptimal in HIV-positive [AUROC = 0.68 (95% CI: 0.62, 0.75)] and HIV-negative women [AUROC = 0.78 (95% CI: 0.66, 0.90)].Conclusion:Model performance was suboptimal in women with and at risk of HIV, while greater misclassification was generally observed among HIV-positive women. HIV-specific risk factors known to contribute to diabetes risk should be explored in these models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2767-2775
Number of pages9
Issue number18
StatePublished - 2018


  • HIV
  • epidemiology
  • risk analysis
  • screening
  • women's healthcare

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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