Purpose: To facilitate the development of standardized guidelines for the surgical management of patients with pediatric traumatic cataracts by assessing current ophthalmologists' practice patterns. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational, and retrospective study. A 24-question electronic survey of current practices pertaining to the surgical management of pediatric traumatic cataracts was sent to pediatric ophthalmologists worldwide. Preferences for preoperative evaluation, surgical timing and techniques, and postoperative management were analyzed. Results: Of the 56 respondents, 62.5% practiced in academic settings. Of the 49 respondents (87.5%) who performed pediatric ruptured globe repair, 41.7% would perform simultaneous cataract extraction if anterior capsular violation existed, whereas 4.1% would do so without capsular violation (P <.001). Most respondents (50.9%) would remove visually significant cataracts within 4 weeks in patients within the amblyogenic age range (P =.02), whereas 63.6% would wait longer outside the amblyogenic range. Preferences for intraocular lens selection, primary posterior capsulotomy, and timing of amblyopia therapy differed. Conclusions: Individual management practices regarding pediatric traumatic cataracts vary depending on associated globe injuries and patient age. Trends exist in surgical planning, intraoperative techniques, and visual rehabilitation methods, but no single approach has achieved complete unanimity. Therefore, further investigation into optimal timing and the extent of surgical intervention, refractive correction, and postoperative care is necessary prior to developing evidence-based guidelines for enhancing visual outcomes in this population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health