Postnatal growth and behavioral development of mice cloned from adult cumulus cells

Kellie L.K. Tamashiro, Teruhiko Wakayama, Robert J. Blanchard, D. Caroline Blanchard, Ryuzo Yanagimachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Scopus citations


Since the first successful cloning of mammals from adult somatic cells, there has been no examination of the learning or behavior of cloned offspring. The possibility of adverse effects on animals produced through adult somatic cell cloning is high because many natural biological processes are bypassed and DNA from adult cells, which presumably contain mutations, are used. In this study, we compared cloned mice produced by microinjection transfer of cumulus cell nuclei into enucleated oocytes, to control mice that were specifically generated to eliminate confounding factors that are unique to our cloning procedure. Postnatal weight gain of clones was significantly greater than that of controls. Preweaning development observations revealed that first appearance or performance of 3 out of 10 measures was delayed in cloned mice; however, results of subsequent tests of learning and memory, activity level, and motor skills were comparable for both groups. Together, these data suggest that nuclear transfer of adult somatic cell nuclei to produce cloned mice may delay the appearance of a few developmental milestones but it does not adversely affect the overall postnatal behavior of mice. In addition, this procedure may cause late onset of significantly increased body weight in cloned offspring, the cause or causes of which are being further examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-334
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of reproduction
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Cumulus cells
  • Developmental biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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