Population aging: A comparison among industrialized countries

Gerard F. Anderson, Peter Sotir Hussey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

324 Scopus citations


Increasing longevity and declining fertility rates are shifting the age distribution of populations in industrialized countries toward older age groups. Some countries will experience this demographic shift before others will. In this DataWatch we compare the effects of population aging on health spending, retirement policies, use of long-term care services, workforce composition, and income across eight countries: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. International comparisons suggest that the United States is generally well positioned to cope with population aging; however, three areas should be carefully monitored: heavy reliance on private-sector funding of retirement, coverage of pharmaceuticals for the elderly, and a high proportion of private long-term care financing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Affairs
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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