Poorly Differentiated Scrotal Carcinoma with Apocrine Immunophenotype

Sonia Kamanda, Jonathan I. Epstein, Adeboye O. Osunkoya, Ashley Cimino-Mathews, Pedram Argani, Martin Sangüeza, Jose Antonio Plaza, Andres Matoso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cutaneous carcinoma of the scrotum is rare with the most common type being squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we report 6 cases of poorly differentiated carcinoma with apocrine immunophenotype. Mean age at presentation was 68 years (range: 31-91 years). Clinical presentation included eczematous rash over mass, scrotal cyst, ulcerated mass, and mass. Tumor size ranged from 1.2 to 5.5 cm (average 2.5 cm). The tumors were solid with involvement of the dermis/hypodermis and composed of cords and nests of eosinophilic cells displaying nuclei with prominent nucleoli and surrounded by desmoplastic stroma. Focal squamous differentiation was evident in one case (17%). An intraductal component was seen in one case (17%). Pagetoid spread in the epidermis was seen in 3 cases. There was no morphologic evidence of apocrine differentiation. By immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells were positive for GCDFP-15 (n = 6/6), GATA3 (n = 6/6), CK7 (n = 5/5), AR (n = 4/4), and mammaglobin (n = 3/5). Five (83%) patients had metastases at diagnosis. Treatment included wide local excisions and inguinal lymph node dissection, followed by chemotherapy (gemcitabine, carboplatin; n = 3), trastuzumab/Lupron (n = 1), tamoxifen/Arimidex (n = 1), and radiotherapy (n = 1). Two patients (40%) were dead of disease, less than 2 years from diagnosis. Four patients developed metastases to lymph nodes, liver, bones, and lungs. Molecular analysis (n = 2) detected a HER-2 mutation in one and microsatellite instability in another. Although the presence of an intraepidermal pagetoid component could hint toward the diagnosis of invasive extramammary Paget disease, tumors without an intraepidermal component could be diagnostically challenging given the lack of morphologic evidence of apocrine differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-266
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Dermatopathology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • apocrine carcinoma
  • extramammary Paget disease
  • scrotum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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