Platelet membrane glycoproteins and microvesicles in blood from postoperative salvage: A study in cardiac bypass patients

E. Sloand, D. Alyono, M. Yu, H. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Transfusion of blood collected by intraoperative and postoperative salvage systems has been linked to the development of thrombocytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Although functional defects have been reported in platelets from unwashed salvaged blood, platelet membrane glycoprotein (GP) composition, a potentially important determinant of function and survival, has not been studied. Study Design and Methods: Platelets from 22 patients whose blood was salvaged at the completion of surgery were analyzed and compared to platelets obtained from the venous blood from the same patient. Platelet membranes were stained with fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated CD41a monoclonal antibody (anti- GPIIb/IIIa) to identify platelets, a phycoerythrin-conjugated monoclonal antibody, CD62 (anti-P-selectin) to identify activated platelets, and CD42b (anti-GPIb)or anti-GPIb/IX to assess GPIb. Samples were analyzed with a flow cytometer using software. Results: Platelets obtained from salvaged blood demonstrated lower GPIb expression (CD42b and GPIb/IX monoclonal antibody binding), higher P-selectin expression, and greater numbers of platelet- derived microvesicles. Conclusion: The clinical significance of transfusing blood containing activated platelets and microvesicles merits investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-744
Number of pages7
JournalTransfusion
Volume35
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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