Piperine reverses high fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in mice

Seoyoon Choi, Youngshim Choi, Yeji Choi, Sohee Kim, Jeehee Jang, Taesun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


This study examined the effect of piperine on hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance induced in mice by feeding a high-fat diet (HFD) for 13 weeks and elucidated potential underlying molecular mechanisms. Administration of piperine (50 mg/kg body weight) to mice with HFD-induced hepatic steatosis resulted in a significant increase in plasma adiponectin levels. Also, elevated plasma concentrations of insulin and glucose and hepatic lipid levels induced by feeding a HFD were reversed in mice when they were administered piperine. However, piperine did not reduce body weight and other biochemical markers to an extent where they became equal to the levels found in the CD-fed mice. Piperine reversed HFD-induced down-regulation of adiponecitn-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signalling molecules which play an important role in mediating lipogenesis, fatty acid oxidation and insulin signalling in the livers of mice. The expressions of lipogenic target genes were decreased, whereas the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) gene involved in fatty acid oxidation was increased in the livers of the Pin50 group. Piperine significantly decreased the phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) compared with the HFD-fed mice. Administration of piperine appeared to reverse preexisting HFD-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance, probably by activation of adiponectin-AMPK signalling in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3627-3635
Number of pages9
JournalFood Chemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Adiponectin-AMPK signalling
  • Fatty acid oxidation
  • Fatty liver
  • Insulin signalling
  • Lipogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Piperine reverses high fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this