Pilot Study of a Novel Partnership for Installing Smoke Alarms

Elise C. Omaki, Shannon Frattaroli, Wendy C. Shields, Eileen M. McDonald, Nicholas Rizzutti, Meri K. Appy, Denise Voiles, Shelly Jamison, Andrea C. Gielen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objectives To demonstrate the feasibility of partnering fire department personnel and home visiting nurses to increase the number of low-income homes protected by smoke alarms. Methods During a regularly scheduled home visit, nurses at the Nurse-Family Partnership of Maricopa County (NFP) informed their clients about an opportunity to have smoke alarms installed in their homes for free. For interested families, nurses sent a referral to the Phoenix Fire Department (PFD), scheduled an appointment, and accompanied the PFD volunteers during the installation. During the appointment, PFD personnel installed alarms and provided safety education. Clients completed a follow-up survey 1–3 months after the installation visit. In-depth interviews were completed with key informants from NFP and PFD to solicit feedback on the program. Results Fifty-two smoke alarm installation visits were completed. Before the fire department arrived, 55% of homes had no working smoke alarm. Almost all (94%) homes received at least one new smoke alarm, and every home had at least one working smoke alarm at the end of the fire department visit. At follow-up, all homes maintained at least one working smoke alarm. Members from both organizations were enthusiastic about, and supportive of the project. NFP nurses appreciated the skill and knowledge of the firefighters; PFD representatives noted that the nurses’ relationships with clients made it easier for them to gain access to families who are often described as “hard-to-reach”. Conclusions Partnering home visiting nurses and fire departments can be successful to increase the number of vulnerable homes with smoke alarms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1025-1032
Number of pages8
JournalMaternal and child health journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Fire prevention
  • Nurse home visiting
  • Smoke alarms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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