Physicians' Intentions to Change Pap Smear Frequency Following Human Papillomavirus Vaccination

K. L. Bruder, K. L. Downes, T. L. Malo, A. R. Giuliano, D. A. Salmon, S. T. Vadaparampil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Study Objective: We evaluated factors associated with physicians' intentions to perform Pap smears in human papillomavirus-vaccinated women. Design: Physicians were mailed a survey asking about intentions to change cervical cancer screening based on patients' human papillomavirus vaccination status. Participants: A national sample of 1,738 Family Physicians, Internal Medicine Physicians, Pediatricians, and Obstetricians and Gynecologists was selected from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile. Completed surveys were received from 1,118 physicians, of which 791 were included in the analyses. Main Outcome Measures: Bivariate analyses compared physician, practice, and patient characteristics by intention change screening frequency. Significant variables were included in a multivariable logistic regression model. Results: Overall, 81.8% (n = 647) of physicians reported not planning to change Pap smear frequency for vaccinated women. Internal Medicine physicians were significantly more likely than Obstetrician/Gynecologists to report intentions to change frequency for vaccinated patients. Other factors significantly associated with the intention to change frequency were self-identification as a late adopter of new vaccines, a solo practice, and practicing primarily in a clinic or hospital-based setting. Conclusions: Although it appears most clinicians understand that human papillomavirus vaccination should not alter current screening practices, there is a need to develop and evaluate interventions for physicians who are likely to change their screening pattern based on human papillomavirus vaccination receipt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-389
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2012


  • HPV vaccines
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Papanicolaou test
  • Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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