Phenotypic variability of CLDN14 mutations causing DFNB29 hearing loss in the Pakistani population

Zil E.Huma Bashir, Noreen Latief, Inna A. Belyantseva, Farheena Iqbal, Sheikh Amer Riazuddin, Shaheen N. Khan, Thomas B. Friedman, Saima Riazuddin, Sheikh Riazeddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Human hereditary deafness at the DFNB29 locus on chromosome 21q22.1 is caused by recessive mutations of CLDN14, encoding claudin 14. This tight junction protein is tetramembrane spanning that localizes to the apical tight junctions of organ of Corti hair cells and in many other tissues. Typically, the DFNB29 phenotype is characterized by prelingual, bilateral, sensorineural hearing loss. The goal of this study was to define the identity and frequency of CLDN14 mutations and associated inner ear phenotypes in a cohort of 800 Pakistani families segregating deafness. Hearing loss in 15 multi-generational families was found to co-segregate with CLDN14-linked STR markers. The sequence of the six exons and regions flanking the introns of CLDN14 in these 15 families revealed five likely pathogenic alleles. Two are novel missense substitutions (p.Ser87Ile and p.Ala94Val), whereas p.Arg81His, p.Val85Asp and p.Met133ArgfsX23 have been reported previously. Haplotype analyses indicate that p.Val85Asp and p.Met133ArgfsX23 are founder mutations. The p.Val85Asp accounts for ∼67% of the mutant alleles of CLDN14 in our cohort. Combined with the previously reported data, CLDN14 mutations were identified in 18 of 800 Pakistani families (2.25; 95% CI, 1.4-3.5). Hearing loss in the affected individuals homozygous for CLDN14 mutations varied from moderate to profound. This phenotypic variability may be due to environmental factors (for example drug and noise exposure) and/or genetic modifiers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-108
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013


  • CLDN14
  • DFNB29
  • Pakistan
  • claudin 14
  • mild hearing loss
  • profound deafness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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