Pharyngoesophageal interrelationships: Observations and working concepts

Bronwyn Jones, William J. Ravich, Martin W. Donner, Sandra Sue Kramer, Thomas R. Hendrix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Simultaneous disorders of the pharynx and esophagus are so frequent that the complete swallowing chain should be examined in all patients with dysphagia. Data are presented to support the concept that such simultaneous disorders represent related phenomena; the mechanism involves changes in cricopharyngeal function seen radiographically as cricopharyngeal prominence. If neurologic disease has been excluded, cricopharyngeal prominence may be the clue to esophageal disease. When cricopharyngeal prominence is found during dynamic imaging of the pharynx, intensive examination of the esophagus and a search for signs of compensation or decompensation in the pharynx should be undertaken.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-233
Number of pages9
JournalGastrointestinal Radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1985


  • Dysphagia, diagnosis
  • Esophagus, radiography
  • Pharynx, cineradiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology


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