Phantom validation for ultrasound to statistical shape model registration of human pelvis

Sahar Ghanavati, Parvin Mousavi, Gabor Fichtinger, Purang Abolmaesumi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations


Total Hip Replacement (THR) has become a common surgical procedure in recent years, as a result of increasing aging population with osteoarthritis of the hip joint. Localization of the pelvic anatomical coordinate system (PaCS) is a critical step in accurate placement of the femur prosthesis in the acetabulum in THR. Intra-operative ultrasound (US) imaging can provide a radiation-free navigation system for localization of the PaCS. However, US images are noisy and cannot provide any anatomical information beneath the bone surface due to the total reflection of US beam at the bone-soft tissue interface. A solution to this problem is to fuse intra-operative US with pre-operative imaging or a statistical shape model (SSM) of the pelvis. Here, we propose a multi-slice to volume intensity-based registration of the pelvic SSM to a sparse set of 2D US images in order to localize the PaCS in the US. In this registration technique, a set of 2D slices are extracted from a pelvic SSM using the approximate location and orientation of their corresponding 2D US images. During the registration, the comparison between the SSM slices and the US images is made using an ultrasound simulation technique and a correlation-based similarity metric. We demonstrate the feasibility of our proposed approach in localizing the PaCS on five patient-based phantoms. These results indicate the necessity of including pubic symphysis landmarks in the 2D US slices in order to have a precise estimation of the PaCS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
EventMedical Imaging 2011: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 13 2011Feb 15 2011


OtherMedical Imaging 2011: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL


  • Deformable registration
  • Pelvic anatomical coordinate system
  • Pelvis
  • Statistical shape model
  • Total hip replacement
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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