There is an extensive and growing body of literature about the role of positron emission tomography (PET) in the management of non-small cell lung cancer and esophageal cancer. This article focuses on the use of PET in mediastinal staging of these common thoracic malignancies. PET is the most accurate noninvasive approach to staging mediastinal lymph nodes in non-small cell lung cancer. The role of PET in mediastinal lymph node staging in esophageal cancer is less clear, since it has been largely supplanted by endoscopic ultrasonography. A review of the evidence for and against the use of PET in mediastinal staging is provided and the use of PET in practice is discussed.
- Esophageal cancer
- Non-small cell lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine