Perspectives de la théorie des cinq facteurs (TCF) : traits et culture

Translated title of the contribution: A five-factor theory perspective on traits and culture

R. R. McCrae, P. T. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The five-factor model (FFM) is a hierarchical classification of personality traits with claims to both comprehensiveness and universality. Hundreds of studies of the FFM have revealed how traits operate, and five-factor theory (FFT) was devised to integrate these findings to show how personality develops and functions. Fundamental to FFT is the distinction between basic tendencies (which include the traits of the FFM) and the characteristic adaptations that evolve from the interaction of traits with the environment. We outline FFT, with special attention to the role of culture. According to FFT, culture has little or no impact on traits themselves, but dramatic effects on the habits, beliefs, values, roles, and relationships that constitute characteristic adaptations. Modifications to FFT are considered.

Translated title of the contributionA five-factor theory perspective on traits and culture
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)227-244
Number of pages18
JournalPsychologie Francaise
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Biological bases
  • Cross-cultural research
  • Five-factor model
  • NEO-PI-R
  • Personality traits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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