Permanent Cardiac Pacemakers in Children: Technical Considerations

James S. Donahoo, J. Alex Haller, Steven Zonnebelt, Catherine Neill, Vincent L. Gott, Robert K. Brawley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Placement of permanent cardiac pacemakers in children presents technical problems that are not encountered in the adult. Problems unique to pacemaker implantation in children are related to the patient's size, the relative bulkiness of pulse generators, the lack of subcutaneous tissue, and the child's growth and long life expectancy. Based on our experience with implantation of 27 permanent cardiac pacemakers in 13 children, we have found that the use of small pulse generators, placement of epicardial leads, insertion of properitoneal pulse generators, and use of rechargeable pacemakers are satisfactory methods in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-587
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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