Performance and morphology of decellularized pulmonary valves implanted in juvenile sheep

Rachael W. Quinn, Stephen L. Hilbert, Arthur A. Bert, Bill W. Drake, Julie A. Bustamante, Jason E. Fenton, Sara J. Moriarty, Stacy L. Neighbors, Gary K. Lofland, Richard A. Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Because of cryopreserved heart valvemediated immune responses, decellularized allograft valves are an attractive option in children and young adults. The objective of this study was to investigate the performance and morphologic features of decellularized pulmonary valves implanted in the right ventricular outflow tract of juvenile sheep. Methods: Right ventricular outflow tract reconstructions in juvenile sheep (160 ± 9 days) using cryopreserved pulmonary allografts (n = 6), porcine aortic root bioprostheses (n = 4), or detergent/enzymedecellularized pulmonary allografts (n = 8) were performed. Valve performance (echocardiography) and morphologic features (gross, radiographic, and histologic examination) were evaluated 20 weeks after implantation. Results: Decellularization reduced DNA in valve cusps by 99.3%. Bioprosthetic valves had the largest peak and mean gradients versus decellularized valves (p = 0.03; p < 0.001) and cryopreserved valves (p = 0.01; p = 0.001), which were similar (p = 0.45; p = 0.40). Regurgitation was minimal and similar for all groups (p = 0.16). No cusp calcification was observed in any valve type. Arterial wall calcification was present in cryopreserved and bioprosthetic grafts but not in decellularized valves. No autologous recellularization or inflammation occurred in bioprostheses, whereas cellularity progressively decreased in cryopreserved grafts. Autologous recellularization was present in decellularized arterial walls and variably extending into the cusps. Conclusions: Cryopreserved and decellularized graft hemodynamic performance was comparable. Autologous recellularization of the decellularized pulmonary arterial wall was consistently observed, with variable cusp recellularization. As demonstrated in this study, decellularized allograft valves have the potential for autologous recellularization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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