Pelvic floor disorder assessment of knowledge and symptoms: an educational intervention for Spanish-speaking women (PAKS study)

Keila S. Muñiz, Lizbeth Grado, Maria Gomez, Christine Ortiz, Rosa Cerna, Xiomara Brioso, Kathryn A. Carson, Chi Chiung Grace Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction and hypothesis: Educational interventions have been effective in improving postpartum knowledge, performance of pelvic floor exercises, and bowel-specific quality-of-life. Our primary objective was to determine if a video-based educational intervention on pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) would increase Spanish-speaking women's knowledge of PFDs, and secondarily to assess if it would decrease pelvic floor symptoms. We hypothesized that Spanish-speaking women would improve their pelvic floor knowledge and symptoms post-intervention. Methods: Inclusion criteria included women age 18 years and older and self-reported as a predominantly Spanish-speaker or equally bilingual English- and Spanish-speaker. Changes in knowledge were assessed with the Prolapse and Incontinence Knowledge Questionnaire (PIKQ). Changes in symptoms were assessed with the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 (PFDI-20). Linear regression assessed for independent effects. Results: One hundred and fourteen women were enrolled and 112 completed the pre- and post-intervention PIKQ. Mean (standard deviation [SD]) age was 50 (14) years. Immediate post-intervention scores showed significant improvement in knowledge. Total PIKQ score improved by 5.1 (4.7) points (p < 0.001). POP subscore improved by 2.7 (2.7) points (p<0.001) and UI subscore improved by 2.3 (2.5) points (p < 0.001). Improvement in knowledge continued after four weeks (p < 0.001). PFDI-20 prolapse (p=0.02), colorectal-anal (p < 0.001) and urinary (p = 0.01) scores significantly improved only for the most symptomatic women at baseline. Using linear regression, total PIKQ (p = 0.03) and total PFDI-20 scores (p = 0.04) were associated with predominantly Spanish-speakers versus fully bilingual. Conclusion: Findings support the efficacy of a video-based educational intervention to improve knowledge of PFDs in Spanish-speaking women. The most symptomatic women benefitted from this intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1789-1796
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • Pelvic floor disorder
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Prolapse and Incontinence Knowledge Questionnaire (PIKQ)
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Video intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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