Pelvic congestion syndrome: Diagnosis and treatment

Elizabeth A. Ignacio, Ruchika Dua, Shawn Sarin, Amy Soltes Harper, Douglas Yim, Vivek Mathur, Anthony C. Venbrux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


The diagnosis of pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) continues to challenge all physicians involved especially those in such specialties as anesthesia, gastroenterology, general surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, and interventional radiology. When other pelvic pathology is ruled out, an interventional radiologist may be consulted for additional evaluation and treatment of PCS. A heightened awareness and clinical suspicion for the specific symptomatology and associated findings may bring about a more rapid progression toward treatment. For most interventional radiologists who treat PCS patients, magnetic resonance imaging/MR venography (MRI/MRV), diagnostic venogram, and embolother-apy are at the center of diagnosis and treatment of PCS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-368
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Interventional Radiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Congestion syndrome
  • Embolization
  • Ovarian vein embolotherapy
  • Pelvic
  • Pelvic varices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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