Previous studies suggest that plasma apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB) level is strongly influenced by genetic factors. Characterizing alleles that influence plasma apoB level would help define genetic risk factors for coronary artery disease. This study examined the role of variability in the apolipoprotein B gene (APOB) in determining plasma apoB level. Twenty-three informative families from the Johns Hopkins Coronary Artery Disease Family Study were studied. Linkage analysis between three polymorphisms in the APOB gene (XbaI at codon 2488, MspI at codon 3611, and EcoRI at codon 4154) and a putative major gene with a codominant allele for elevated apoB levels gave evidence against linkage (LOD score of -7.9 at a recombination fraction of .001). None of the families had a LOD score greater than 0.5, while five families had a LOD score less than -0.5. Sib-pair analysis also showed no relationship between the proportion of genes identical by descent at the APOB locus and either crude or adjusted plasma apoB levels. Thus, in 23 informative families, there was no evidence for the presence, in APOB, of common alleles that influence plasma apoB levels. These results suggest that APOB is not the major locus influencing plasma apoB levels.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American journal of human genetics|
|State||Published - 1992|
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