PDE9A deficiency does not prevent chronic-hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in mice

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Inhibition of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs) is a cornerstone of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)-specific therapy. PDE9A, expressed in the heart and lung tissue, has the highest affinity for cGMP of all known PDEs. PDE9A deficiency protects mice against chronic left ventricular (LV) pressure overload via increased natriuretic peptide (NP)-dependent cGMP signaling. Chronic-hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (CH-PH) is a model of chronic right ventricular (RV) pressure overload, and previous studies have demonstrated a protective role for NPs in the murine model. Therefore, we hypothesized that PDE9A deficiency would promote NP-dependent cGMP signaling and prevent RV remodeling in the CH-PH model, analogous to findings in the LV. We exposed wild-type and PDE9A-deficient (Pde9a−/−) C57BL/6 mice to CH-PH for 3 weeks. We measured RV pressure, hypertrophy, and levels of lung and RV cGMP, PDE9A, PDE5A, and phosphorylation of the protein kinase G substrate VASP (vasodilatory-stimulated phosphoprotein) after CH-PH. In wild-type mice, CH-PH was associated with increased circulating ANP and lung PDE5A, but no increase in cGMP, PDE9A, or VASP phosphorylation. Downstream effectors of cGMP were not increased in Pde9a−/− mice exposed to CH-PH compared with Pde9a+/+ littermates, and CH-PH induced increases in RV pressure and hypertrophy were not attenuated in knockout mice. Taken together, these findings argue against a prominent role for PDE9A in the murine CH-PH model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere15057
JournalPhysiological Reports
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • chronic hypoxia
  • mouse model
  • phosphodiesterase 9A
  • pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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