Patterns of incident genital human papillomavirus infection in women: A literature review and meta-analysis

Bradford S. Wheeler, Anne F. Rositch, Charles Poole, Sylvia M. Taylor, Jennifer S. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection acquisition is a necessary step in the development of cervical cancer. No study has systematically quantified the rate of newly acquired HPV infections from the published literature and determined its relationship with age. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to describe incident HPV infections in women. Medline® and Thomson Reuters Web of Science via PubMed® databases were searched. A total of 46 of 5136 studies met inclusion criteria and contributed results. We conducted a meta-regression analysis of 13 studies, which reported incidence rate estimates on over 13 high-risk HPV types, to provide pooled stratum-specific incidence rates and rate ratios for key population and study characteristics among 8488 women. Studies with mean age < 30 years had relatively higher HPV incidence rates compared to studies with mean age ≥30 years: relative risk = 3.12; 95% CI: 1.41–6.93. HPV-16 was most frequently detected, followed by HPV-18: relative risk = 0.47; 95% CI: 0.33–0.67, and by HPV-58: relative risk = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.27–0.74. Younger age is a key predictor of genital HPV incidence in women. These data on the relative distribution of incident HPV infections will provide a baseline comparison for monitoring of changes in HPV incidence following the implementation of population-level HPV vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1246-1256
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Issue number13
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • Human papillomavirus
  • other
  • vaccination
  • viral disease
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Dermatology


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