Patient management after noninvasive cardiac imaging: Results from SPARC (Study of myocardial perfusion and coronary anatomy imaging roles in coronary artery disease)

Rory Hachamovitch, Benjamin Nutter, Mark A. Hlatky, Leslee J. Shaw, Michael L. Ridner, Sharmila Dorbala, Rob S.B. Beanlands, Benjamin J.W. Chow, Elizabeth Branscomb, Panithaya Chareonthaitawee, W. Guy Weigold, Szilard Voros, Suhny Abbara, Tsunehiro Yasuda, Jill E. Jacobs, John Lesser, Daniel S. Berman, Louise E.J. Thomson, Subha Raman, Gary V. HellerAdam Schussheim, Richard Brunken, Kim A. Williams, Susan Farkas, Dominique Delbeke, Uwe J. Schoepf, Nathaniel Reichek, Stuart Rabinowitz, Steven R. Sigman, Randall Patterson, Carolyn R. Corn, Richard White, Ella Kazerooni, James Corbett, Sabahat Bokhari, Josef MacHac, Erminia Guarneri, Salvador Borges-Neto, John W. Millstine, James Caldwell, James Arrighi, Udo Hoffmann, Matthew Budoff, Joao Lima, James R. Johnson, Barbara Johnson, Mariya Gaber, Julie A. Williams, Courtney Foster, Jon Hainer, Marcelo F. Di Carli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

155 Scopus citations


Objectives: This study examined short-term cardiac catheterization rates and medication changes after cardiac imaging. Background: Noninvasive cardiac imaging is widely used in coronary artery disease, but its effects on subsequent patient management are unclear. Methods: We assessed the 90-day post-test rates of catheterization and medication changes in a prospective registry of 1,703 patients without a documented history of coronary artery disease and an intermediate to high likelihood of coronary artery disease undergoing cardiac single-photon emission computed tomography, positron emission tomography, or 64-slice coronary computed tomography angiography. Results: Baseline medication use was relatively infrequent. At 90 days, 9.6% of patients underwent catheterization. The rates of catheterization and medication changes increased in proportion to test abnormality findings. Among patients with the most severe test result findings, 38% to 61% were not referred to catheterization, 20% to 30% were not receiving aspirin, 35% to 44% were not receiving a beta-blocker, and 20% to 25% were not receiving a lipid-lowering agent at 90 days after the index test. Risk-adjusted analyses revealed that compared with stress single-photon emission computed tomography or positron emission tomography, changes in aspirin and lipid-lowering agent use was greater after computed tomography angiography, as was the 90-day catheterization referral rate in the setting of normal/nonobstructive and mildly abnormal test results. Conclusions: Overall, noninvasive testing had only a modest impact on clinical management of patients referred for clinical testing. Although post-imaging use of cardiac catheterization and medical therapy increased in proportion to the degree of abnormality findings, the frequency of catheterization and medication change suggests possible undertreatment of higher risk patients. Patients were more likely to undergo cardiac catheterization after computed tomography angiography than after single-photon emission computed tomography or positron emission tomography after normal/nonobstructive and mildly abnormal study findings. (Study of Perfusion and Anatomy's Role in Coronary Artery [CAD] [SPARC]; NCT00321399)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-474
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 31 2012


  • cardiac
  • imaging
  • noninvasive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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