Patient Empowerment in Health Care

John F.P. Bridges, Svetla Loukanova, Percivil M. Carrera

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Issues of empowerment have recently gained much attention in many countries. In this article, the history, application, and implications of empowerment are examined as it relates to health and health care. Special attention is focused on the different models of patient empowerment presented in the literature. The discussion of patient empowerment is facilitated by a conceptual model focusing on the antecedents, barriers, and outcomes relating to both patients and providers. This model is centered on four central processes of patient empowerment: information sharing, doctor-patient communication, shared decision making, and patient self-care. We conclude with a discussion of recent health-care system/financing reforms aimed at facilitating patient empowerment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Public Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780128037089
ISBN (Print)9780128036785
StatePublished - Oct 6 2016


  • Choice
  • Doctor-patient communications
  • Paternalism
  • Patient autonomy
  • Patient education
  • Patient empowerment
  • Patient preferences
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Patient self-care/self-management
  • Patient-centered care
  • Shared decision making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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