Parents questioning immunization: Evaluation of an intervention

Deborah A. Gust, Allison Kennedy, Deanne Weber, Geoff Evans, Yuan Kong, Daniel Salmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Objectives: To compare attitudes of parents who filed or considered filing an exemption to school immunization requirements and/or would not have their child immunized if it were not required by law (cases) to controls. To develop and evaluate a brochure intervention for parents considering an exemption. Methods: Interviews, focus groups, mailed surveys. Results: Cases had more negative attitudes about vaccines than controls did. Although the brochure did not significantly improve parents' immunization attitudes compared to controls, most parents who received the intervention reported a positive impression. Conclusions: A science-based educational intervention for parents considering a vaccine exemption may help improve parents' opinions of childhood vaccines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-298
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009


  • Brochures
  • Exemptions
  • Immunizations
  • Intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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