Parent training of toddlers in day care in low-income urban communities

Deborah Gross, Louis Fogg, Christine Garvey, Wrenetha Julion, Carolyn Webster-Stratton, Jane Grady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


The authors tested a 12-week parent training program with parents (n = 208) and teachers (n = 77) of 2-3-year-olds in day care centers serving low-income families of color in Chicago. Eleven centers were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 conditions: (a) parent and teacher training (PT + TT), (b) parent training (PT), (c) teacher training (TT), and (d) waiting list control (C). After controlling for parent stress, PT and PT + TT parents reported higher self-efficacy and less coercive discipline and were observed to have more positive behaviors than C and TT parents. Among toddlers in high-risk behavior problem groups, toddlers in the experimental conditions showed greater improvement than controls. Most effects were retained 1 year later. Benefits were greatest when parents directly received training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-278
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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