Previously we reported that when cells from the human transitional cell carcinoma cell line 253J B-V growing orthotopically within the bladder of athymic nude mice were treated with the anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody C225, angiogenesis was inhibited, resulting in regression of the primary tumor and inhibition of metastasis. In this study, we evaluated whether paclitaxel enhanced this therapeutic effect of C225. In vitro, the proliferation of 253J B-V cells was inhibited more by the combination of C225 and paclitaxel than with eitheragent alone. In vivo therapy with C225 and paclitaxel resulted in significantly greater regression of tumors compared with either agent alone. Median bladder tumor weight was 85 mg (range, 69-133 mg) compared with 168 mg (range, 72-288 mg) after C225 alone (P < 0.05), and 273 mg (range, 83-563 mg) afterpaclitaxel alone (P < 0.005). The incidence of spontaneous lymph node metastasis was also reduced by the combination of C225 with paclitaxel, although this result did not significantly differ from results after the use of C225 alone. Treatment with paclitaxel and C225 down-regulated the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor, vascular endothelial cell growth factor, interleukin-8, and matrix metalloproteinase type 9 and inhibited tumor-induced neo-vascularity compared with untreated controls (P < 0.005). Moreover, the combination of C225 and paclitaxel enhanced apoptosis in tumor and endothelial cells compared with either agent alone (P < 0.005). These studies indicate that therapy with paclitaxel increases the ability of C225 to inhibit tumorigenicity and metastasis. This effect is mediated by inhibition of angiogenesis and induction of apoptosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas