p21 Is Necessary for the p53-mediated G1 Arrest in Human Cancer Cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1135 Scopus citations


DNA-damaging agents induce a p53-dependent G1 arrest that may be critical for p53-mediated tumor suppression. It has been suggested that p2lWAF1/CIPI, a cdk inhibitory protein transcriptionally regulated by p53, is an effector of this arrest To test this hypothesis, an isogenic set of human colon adenocarcinoma cell lines differing only in their p21 status was created. The parental cell line underwent the expected cell cycle changes upon induction of p53 expression by DNA damage, but the G, arrest was completely abrogated in p21-deficient cells. These results unambiguously establish p21 as a critical mediator of one well-documented p53 function and have important implications for understanding cell cycle checkpoints and the mechanism(s) through which p53 inhibits human neoplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5187-5190
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Research
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 15 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'p21 Is Necessary for the p53-mediated G1 Arrest in Human Cancer Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this