Overlooked manifestations

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous disease with well-described traditional clinical manifestations, such as Raynaud's phenomenon, dermal sclerosis, esophageal dysmotility, calcinosis and telangiectasia. Because the clinical presentation can be complex and involve multiple organ systems, there are several other manifestations that often go unrecognized but cause significant morbidity. This chapter discusses a few such manifestations, including audiovestibular disease, oral complications, thyroid dysfunction, liver disease, and bladder dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationScleroderma
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Pathogenesis to Comprehensive Management
PublisherSpringer US
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781441957740
ISBN (Print)9781441957733
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012


  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Microstomia
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • Urinary tract disease
  • Xerostomia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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