Purpose: High-grade glioma (HGG) treatment is limited by the inability of otherwise potentially efficacious drugs to penetrate the blood–brain barrier. We evaluate the unique intracavity delivery mode and translational potential of a blend of poly(DL-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid; PLGA) and poly(ethylene glycol; PEG) paste combining temozolomide and etoposide to treat surgically resected HGG. Experimental Design: To prolong stability of temozolomide prodrug, combined in vitro drug release was quantitatively assessed from low pH–based PLGA/PEG using advanced analytic methods. In vitro cytotoxicity was measured against a panel of HGG cell lines and patient-derived cultures using metabolic assays. In vivo safety and efficacy was evaluated using orthotopic 9L gliosarcoma allografts, previously utilized preclinically to develop Gliadel. Results: Combined etoposide and temozolomide in vitro release (22 and 7 days, respectively) was achieved from a lactic acid–based PLGA/PEG paste, used to enhance stability of temozolomide prodrug. HGG cells from central-enhanced regions were more sensitive to each compound relative to primary lines derived from the HGG-invasive margin. Both drugs retained cytotoxic capability upon release from PLGA/ PEG. In vivo studies revealed a significant overall survival benefit in postsurgery 9L orthotopic gliosarcomas, treated with intracavity delivered PLGA/PEG/temozolomide/etoposide and enhanced with adjuvant radiotherapy. Long-term survivorship was observed in over half the animals with histologic confirmation of disease-free brain. Conclusions: The significant survival benefit of intracavity chemotherapy demonstrates clinical applicability of PLGA/ PEG paste-mediated delivery of temozolomide and etoposide adjuvant to radiotherapy. PLGA/PEG paste offers a future platform for combination delivery of molecular targeted compounds.
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