Osteoporotic Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty Have a Similar 5-Year Cumulative Incidence Rate of Periprosthetic Fracture Regardless of Cemented Versus Cementless Femoral Stem Fixation

Emile Victor Kuyl, Amil R. Agarwal, Parth K. Patel, Andrew B. Harris, Alex Gu, Sandesh Rao, Savyasachi C. Thakkar, Gregory J. Golladay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In osteoporotic patients, surgeons may utilize cemented femoral fixation to minimize risk of fracture. The purpose of this study was to compare 5-year implant survivability in patients who have osteoporosis who underwent elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) with cementless versus cemented fixation. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients who have osteoporosis undergoing THA with either cemented or cementless femoral fixation was conducted using a national administrative claims database. Of the 18,431 identified THA patients who have osteoporosis, 15,867 (86.1%) underwent cementless fixation. The primary outcome was a comparison of the 5-year cumulative incidences of aseptic revision, mechanical loosening, and periprosthetic fracture (PPF). Kaplan–Meier and Multivariable Cox Proportional Hazard Ratio analyses were used, controlling for femoral fixation method, age, sex, a comorbidity scale, use of osteoporosis medication, and important comorbidity. Results: There was no difference in aseptic revision (Hazard's Ratio (HR): 1.13; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.79 to 1.62; P value: .500) and PPF (HR: 0.96; 95% CI: 0.64 to 1.44; P value: .858) within 5 years of THA between fixation cohorts. However, patients who had cemented fixation were more likely to suffer mechanical loosening with 5 years post-THA (HR: 1.79; 95% CI: 1.17 to 2.71; P-value: .007). Conclusions: We found a similar 5-year rate of PPF when comparing patients who underwent cementless versus cemented femoral fixation for elective THA regardless of preoperative diagnosis of osteoporosis. While existing registry data support the use of cemented fixation in elderly patients, a more thorough understanding of the interplay between age, osteoporosis, and implant design is needed to delineate in whom cemented fixation is most warranted for PPF prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1285-1290.e1
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • cemented femoral fixation
  • cementless femoral fixation
  • osteoporosis
  • periprosthetic fracture
  • total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Osteoporotic Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty Have a Similar 5-Year Cumulative Incidence Rate of Periprosthetic Fracture Regardless of Cemented Versus Cementless Femoral Stem Fixation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this