Osteoporosis prevention and management: Nonpharmacologic and lifestyle options

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The purpose of this review is to evaluate current evidence regarding the use of dietary and exercise interventions to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The key lifestyle modifications that can decrease risk of fracture in postmenopausal women include regular weight-bearing exercise and a balanced diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D intake. Other modifiable lifestyle factors critical to bone health and to decrease fracture risk include the avoidance of smoking, an excessively low body weight, excessive alcohol intake, and fall risks at home. Emerging modifiable factors may include B-vitamin, omega-3 fatty acid, soy isoflavone, and dehydroepiandrosterone supplementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)703-710
Number of pages8
JournalClinical obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013


  • Calcium
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Osteoporosis prevention
  • Osteoporosis treatment
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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