Optimizing tuberculosis testing for basic laboratories

Eric Ramos, Samuel G. Schumacher, Mark Siedner, Beatriz Herrera, Willi Quino, Jessica Alvarado, Rosario Montoya, Louis Grandjean, Laura Martin, Jonathan M. Sherman, Robert H. Gilman, Carlton A. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Optimal tuberculosis testing usually involves sputum centrifugation followed by broth culture. However, centrifuges are biohazardous and scarce in the resource-limited settings where most tuberculosis occurs. To optimize tuberculosis testing for these settings, centrifugation of 111 decontaminated sputum samples was compared with syringeaspiration through polycarbonate membrane-filters that were then cultured in broth. To reduce the workload of repeated microscopic screening of broth cultures for tuberculosis growth, the colorimetric redox indicator 2,3-diphenyl-5-(2-thienyl) tetrazolium chloride was added to the broth, which enabled naked-eye detection of culture positivity. This combination of filtration and colorimetric growth-detection gave similar results to sputum centrifugation followed by culture microscopy regarding mean colony counts (43 versus 48; P = 0.6), contamination rates (0.9% versus 1.8%; P = 0.3), and sensitivity (94% versus 95%; P = 0.7), suggesting equivalency of the two methods. By obviating centrifugation and repeated microscopic screening of cultures, this approach may constitute a more appropriate technology for rapid and sensitive tuberculosis diagnosis in basic laboratories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)896-901
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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