Multidimensional microfluidic separation systems combining a first dimension microchannel with an array of parallel second dimension microchannels can suffer from non-uniform sample transfer between the dimensions, sample leakage, and injection plug tailing within the second dimension array. These factors can significantly reduce overall two-dimensional separation performance. In this paper, numerical and analytical models reveal an optimized chip design which combines multidimensional backbiasing and an angled channel geometry to ensure leakage-free and uniform interdimensional sample transfer, while also minimizing injected sample plug lengths. The optimized design is validated experimentally using a multidimensional chip containing five second dimension channels.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering