Optimal brightness patterns for 2-D optical flow

Thomas S. Denney, Jerry L. Prince

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Estimation accuracy of Horn and Schunck's classical optical flow algorithm depends on many factors including the brightness pattern of the measured images. Since some applications can select brightness functions with which to `paint' the object, it is desirable to know what patterns will lead to the best motion estimates. In this paper we present a method for determining this pattern a priori using mild assumptions about the velocity field and imaging process. Our method is based on formulating Horn and Schunck's algorithm as a linear smoother and rigorously deriving an expression for the corresponding error covariance function. We then specify a scalar performance measure and develop an approach to select an optimal brightness function which minimizes this performance measure from within a parametrized class. The resulting optimal performance is demonstrated using simulations, and a discussion of these results and potential future research is given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationImage and Multidimensional Signal Processing
PublisherPubl by IEEE
ISBN (Print)0780309464
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
EventIEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, Part 5 (of 5) - Minneapolis, MN, USA
Duration: Apr 27 1993Apr 30 1993

Publication series

NameProceedings - ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
ISSN (Print)0736-7791


OtherIEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, Part 5 (of 5)
CityMinneapolis, MN, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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