Ophthalmic manifestations of endocrine disorders: Approaches and medical management

Andrew M. Hendrick, Malik Y. Kahook, Yassine J. Daoud, Ribhi Hazin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose of review: Disorders of the endocrine system may present with various ophthalmic signs, symptoms, and pathology. Early detection, prevention, and monitoring of these manifestations can significantly benefit morbidity associated with such disease states including permanent visual dysfunction. Recent findings: Several studies highlight the importance of early diagnosis in reducing the long-term complications associated with these endocrine conditions, although these observations are mostly based on case reports and case series. This review will focus on the connection of endocrine-related disease states with the development of specific ophthalmic pathology and is geared towards the general medical practitioner. The focus of the treating physician should be on facilitating early diagnosis to prevent potentially blinding complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-503
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent opinion in ophthalmology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Cushing's syndrome
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Eye
  • Hyperparathyroid
  • Hyperthyroid
  • Hypothyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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