Ophthalmic instrument safety standards

D. H. Sliney, C. E. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The eye is well adapted to protect itself against optical radiation (ultraviolet, visible and infrared radiant energy) from the natural environment, and mankind has learned to use protective measures, such as clothing, to shield against the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from sunlight. There are few occasions where bright light sources, such as the sun, arc lamps and welding arcs, are viewed beyond a momentary glance. However, when a patient is undergoing an ocular examination or a surgical procedure, the patient may willingly be exposed to a bright examination light, or (as during surgery) may be under anesthesia, and the natural aversion response to viewing bright light may not apply. For this reason, safety standards have been under development over the last five years to aid optical instrument manufacturers in designing safe equipment. A general rationale for such safety standards is developed and guidelines for safe exposure are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-215
Number of pages9
JournalLasers and Light in Ophthalmology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Ophthalmic instrument safety standards'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this