Ocular manifestations of autism in ophthalmology

Kelsey Black, Cheryl McCarus, Mary Louise Z. Collins, Allison Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Purpose: To highlight the ocular manifestations of autism spectrum disorders in a retrospective chart review of the Greater Baltimore Medical Center (GBMC) among children in the pediatric ophthalmology practice setting. Design: Retrospective chart review. Forty-four patients diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between January 2007 and October 2011 were examined by an orthoptist, orthoptic student, and a pediatric ophthalmologist. Results: Fifty-two percent of patients with ASD at GBMC were found to have an ocular abnormality, with 41% having strabismus, 27% with significant refractive error, 7% with anisometropia, and 11% with amblyopia. Conclusion: The prevalence of strabismus, amblyopia, and anisometropia were found to be higher among patients with ASD seen at the GBMC pediatric ophthalmology practice than in the general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-102
Number of pages5
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Amblyopia
  • Anisometropia
  • Asperger
  • Refractive error
  • Strabismus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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