Novel variants related to TT virus distributed widely in China

Kangxian Luo, Haitang He, Zhihua Liu, Dingxie Liu, Hong Xiao, Xiaojing Jiang, Weifang Liang, Lian Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


TTV is a DNA virus with high genetic heterogeneity. To investigate the novel isolates of the virus, blood samples were collected from subjects who lived in various parts of China and suffered from hepatitis or were asymptomatic carriers. Nested PCR was carried out to amplify a 3.2-kb fragment using primers deduced from the prototype TTV (TA278). The ten entire 3.2-kb nt sequences were aligned with isolate TA278, SANBAN, TUS01, and SENV retrieved from GenBank, and a phylogenetic tree was constructed by Neighbor-Joining method. The analysis indicated that five novel variants of the present study have not been described before, and all TTV-related isolates could be classified into three groups. The isolate TCHN-A, B and TUS01 were included in a group, and the remaining novel isolates together with SANBAN and TA278 clustered into another group, while SEN virus formed a distinct group. The genetic distances of the five novel variants were 0.5507-0.8476 to TA278, 0.4635-0.7877 to SANBAN, 0.6064-0.7834 to TUS01 and 0.6936-0.8236 to SENV. Of these novel variants, the ORF1 consisted of 426-772 aa and ORF2 of 141-156 aa. The nt identities of ORF1 and ORF2 between those variants and TA278, SANBAN, and TUS01 were 46.1-60.8 and 48.7-63.6%, and those of aa sequences were only 27.1-52.4 and 28.9-45.5%, respectively. The first 65 aa of ORF1 were rich in arginine and most conserved with homology of 56.5-70.0%. There was a hypervariable region from aa 286 to 403 with merely 17.7-27.0% of identity. Despite a low aa identity between TA278 and the variants, they have similar hydrophilicity profiles of ORF1. There were 2-10 N-glycosylation motifs found in these variants. In conclusion, despite the high divergence, sequences of all these isolates shared common genome organisation, ORF structure, hydrophilicity patterns, and some potential motifs with TTV prototype. It is suggested that various TTV and TTV-related isolates belong to a very large and complex family, which remains to be studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-126
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medical Virology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Genetic hetrogeneity
  • TT virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology


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