Rationale and Objectives. Because the nature and time course of changes in early, nontraumatic osteonecrosis at perfusion and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are unknown, the authors evaluated this technique in the assessment of early osteonecrosis with a nontraumatic model. Materials and Methods. Five rabbits underwent intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide endotoxin followed by intramuscular injection of methylprednisolone. MR imaging of the femora was performed before and at weekly intervals after endotoxin injection, Histologic findings from the areas of osteonecrosis were correlated with the findings of MR imaging and MR perfusion studies. Results. Histologic evaluation showed osteonecrosis in six femora of four animals 2-4 weeks after endotoxin injection. Findings on T1-weighted images of the femur were normal in all animals; T2-weighted images of one femur showed equivocal changes. On MR perfusion images, the baseline mean peak percentage of enhancement was 52.7% ± 12.6. In the six areas without osteonecrosis, the mean percentage of enhancement was similar to the baseline percentage of enhancement at 1 week (62.2% ± 31.2). In the four areas with diffuse osteonecrosis, there was essentially no contrast enhancement 1-4 weeks after endotoxin injection. Conclusion. T1- and T2-weighted MR imaging is insensitive to the presence of early nontraumatic osteonecrosis. MR perfusion imaging might be useful to detect early nontraumatic osteonecrosis.
- Bones, MR
- Bones, necrosis
- Magnetic resonance (MR), perfusion study
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging