Selected benign biliary strictures can be treated safely and successfully by percutaneous balloon dilatation. Primary biliary strictures appear to be less responsive to balloon dilatation alone and require stenting with large catheters (16-20 F) for several months to permit scarring around the catheter. A long period of healing around such a large-bore stent is crucial to the success of such treatment. The most important physiologic indicators for successful dilatation are a long period of stricture challenge with a catheter placed proximal to the dilated segment to allow bile to drain internally across the previously strictured segment, and a near anatomic result as demonstrated by cholangiogram.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging