Non-invasive Detection of Unique Molecular Signatures in Laser-Induced Retinal Injuries

Melissa I. Naiman, Rachida Bouhenni, Rafat R. Ansari, Jeffrey Dunmire, Ying Liu, Qundeel Rafiq, Deepak Edward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Unintentional laser exposure is an increasing concern in many operational environments. Determining whether a laser exposure event caused a retinal injury currently requires medical expertise and specialized equipment that are not always readily available. The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of using dynamic light scattering (DLS) to non-invasively detect laser retinal injuries through interrogation of the vitreous humor (VH). Three grades of retinal laser lesions were studied: mild (minimally visible lesions), moderate (Grade II), and severe (Grade III). A pre-post-treatment design was used to collect DLS measurements in vivo at various time points, using a customized instrument. VH samples were analyzed by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and relative protein abundances were determined by spectral counting. DLS signal analysis revealed significant changes in particle diameter and intensity in laser-treated groups as compared with control. Differences in protein profile in the VH of the laser-treated eyes were noted when compared with control. These results suggest that laser injury to the retina induces upregulation of proteins that diffuse into the VH from the damaged tissue, which can be detected non-invasively using DLS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-27
Number of pages10
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume183
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • dynamic light scattering
  • injury
  • Laser
  • proteomics
  • retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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