Non-circular CBCT orbit design and realization on a clinical robotic C-arm for metal artifact reduction

Yiqun Ma, Grace J. Gang, Tina Ehtiati, Tess Reynolds, Tom Russ, Wenying Wang, Clifford Weiss, Nicholas Theodore, Kelvin Hong, Jeffrey Siewerdsen, J. Webster Stayman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Metal artifacts have been a difficult challenge for cone-beam CT (CBCT), especially for intraoperative imaging. Metal surgical tools and implants are often present in the field of view and can attenuate X-rays so heavily that they essentially create a missing-data problem. Recently, an increasing number of intra-operative imaging systems such as robotic C-arms are capable of non-circular orbits for data acquisition. Such trajectories can potentially improve sampling and the degree of data completeness to solve the metal-induced missing-data problem, thereby reducing or eliminating the associated image artifacts. In this work, we extend our prior theoretical and experimental work and implement non-circular orbits for metal artifact reduction on a clinical robotic C-arm (Siemens Artis zeego). To maximize the potential for clinical translation, we restrict our implementation to standard built-in motion and data collection functions, also available on other zeego systems, and work within the physical constraints and limitations on positioning and motion. Customized software tools for data extraction, processing, calibration, and reconstruction are used. We demonstrate example non-circular orbits and the resulting image quality using a phantom containing pedicle screws for spine fixation. As compared with a standard circular CBCT orbit, these non-circular orbits exhibit significantly reduced metal artifacts. These results suggest a high potential for image quality improvements for intraoperative CBCT imaging when metal tools or implants are present in the field-of-view.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2022
Subtitle of host publicationImage-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
EditorsCristian A. Linte, Jeffrey H. Siewerdsen
ISBN (Electronic)9781510649439
StatePublished - 2022
EventMedical Imaging 2022: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling - Virtual, Online
Duration: Mar 21 2022Mar 27 2022

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferenceMedical Imaging 2022: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
CityVirtual, Online


  • CBCT
  • image guidance
  • metal artifact
  • non-circular orbits
  • robotic C-arm
  • sampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Biomaterials


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