No Difference in Revision Rates up to 10 years Following Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients Who Had Prior Bariatric Surgery When Compared to Patients Who Had Class III Obesity: A Propensity Matched Analysis

Sanjay Kubsad, Daniel A. Raftis, Amil R. Agarwal, Majd Marrache, Jordan S. Cohen, Savyasachi C. Thakkar, Gregory J. Golladay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: There is no clear research showcasing bariatric surgery's (BS's) impact on long-term surgical complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Therefore, this study compared the 10-year cumulative incidence and risk of revision following THA in patients who underwent BS when compared to the general population and class III obesity patients who did not undergo BS. Methods: Patients who underwent elective THA from 2010 to 2021 were identified using an all-payer claims database. Patients who underwent BS prior to THA were separately matched to a control of the general population and those who had class III obesity (body mass index ≥40) by age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and diabetes using a 1:4 ratio. Kaplan-Meier analyses generated 10-year cumulative incidence rates, and a Cox proportional hazard ratio (HR) model generated HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: When compared to the general control, patients who have a history of BS had an elevated 10-year risk of all-cause revision (HR 1.31, 95% CI: 1.16 to 1.47, P < .001), prosthetic joint infection (HR: 1.62, CI: 1.30 to 2.04; P < .001), mechanical loosening (HR: 1.20, CI: 1.01 to 1.44; P = .040), and dislocation/instability (HR: 1.35, CI: 1.09 to 1.68; P = .007). There was no difference in the 10-year risk of all-cause revision or other indications for revision in the BS cohort compared to the matched class III obesity cohort (P = .142). Conclusions: Those who underwent BS before THA had comparable 10-year revision rates when compared to those who had class III obesity and higher rates compared to the general population. This suggests BS may not reduce the 10-year surgical risks associated with obesity when compared to a class III obese surgical population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1399-1403.e1
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2024

Keywords

  • bariatric surgery
  • class III obesity
  • propensity-score
  • retrospective cohort study
  • revision rates
  • total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'No Difference in Revision Rates up to 10 years Following Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients Who Had Prior Bariatric Surgery When Compared to Patients Who Had Class III Obesity: A Propensity Matched Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this