Nitric oxide synthase-immunoreactive nerve fibers in dog cerebral and peripheral arteries

Kazuhide Yoshida, Tomio Okamura, Hiroshi Kimura, David S. Bredt, Solomon H. Snyder, Noboru Toda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


Nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-immunoreactive fibers innervating the dog arterial wall were histochemically determined by the use of NOS antiserum. NOS-immunoreactive fibers were consistently found in every arterial wall examined. In a whole-mount preparation, NOS-positive fibers were detectable in the small pial artery having a diameter of about 100 μm as well as the proximal middle cerebral artery. Further detailed analyses in thin cryostat sections indicated that in middle cerebral, basilar, temporal, mesenteric and femoral arteries, fine NOS-positive fibers were detected in outer zones of the media in addition to many thicker fibers in the adventitia. However, in the coronary artery, many thick fibers ere situated in the adventitia, and fine NOS-positive fibers were not the media. Injection of ethanol to the pterygopalatine ganglion markedly decreased or abolished the NOS immunoreactivity in nerve cells and fibers and abolished the innervation of NOS-positive fibers in the wall of middle cerebral artery of the ipsilateral side. Together with findings in our previous publications concerning the functional role of nitroxidergic nerve in the control of arterial tone, we conclude that perivascular nerves containing NOS are crucial in eliciting the neurally induced, NO-mediated arterial relaxation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalBrain research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 26 1993


  • Canine artery
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Nitroxidergic innervation
  • Vasodilator nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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