NHA2 is expressed in distal nephron and regulated by dietary sodium

Kalyan C. Kondapalli, R. Todd Alexander, Jennifer L. Pluznick, Rajini Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Increased renal reabsorption of sodium is a significant risk factor in hypertension. An established clinical marker for essential hypertension is elevated sodium lithium countertransport (SLC) activity. NHA2 is a newly identified Na+(Li+)/H+ antiporter with potential genetic links to hypertension, which has been shown to mediate SLC activity and H+-coupled Na+(Li+) efflux in kidney-derived MDCK cells. To evaluate a putative role in sodium homeostasis, we determined the effect of dietary salt on NHA2. In murine kidney sections, NHA2 localized apically to distal convoluted (both DCT1 and 2) and connecting tubules, partially overlapping in distribution with V-ATPase, AQP2, and NCC1 transporters. Mice fed a diet high in sodium chloride showed elevated transcripts and expression of NHA2 protein. We propose a model in which NHA2 plays a dual role in salt reabsorption or secretion, depending on the coupling ion (sodium or protons). The identified novel regulation of Na+/H+ antiporter in the kidney suggests new roles in salt homeostasis and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2017


  • Hypertension
  • NHEDC2
  • Na/H antiport
  • Nephron
  • SLC
  • Sodium diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry


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